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Acne - Symptoms & Treatment


Acne occurs generally on almost all the superficial body parts such as face, back, neck, chest, etc. Acne is a common skin disorder resulting from the action of hormones on the skin's sebaceous glands. This leads to plugged pores and outbreaks of lesions commonly zits or pimples. Acne is basically in adolescents and young teenagers. Acne usually occurs on the face, neck, shoulders, back, and chest. Acne can be a heredity many factor. People who have rosacea also may develop a thickening of the skin on the forehead, chin, cheeks, or other areas. Acne is so common that it's considered a normal part of growing from a Childerns to an adult. Acne affects most teenagers to some extent.  However, the disease is not depending to any age group.

Symptoms of Acne

Acne are mainly classified in 2 broad categories viz:

  1. Non-Inflammatory Acne - In non-inflammatory acne, there are usually just a few whiteheads and blackheads on the face. This is relatively mild type of acne, and it can often be treated effectively with non-prescription medicines. The majority of people with acne have Non- Inflammatory acne.
  2. Inflammatory Acne - In Inflammatory acne, the whiteheads become inflamed, and red pimples and pustules develop. In its most severe type, inflammatory acne can cause disfiguring cysts and deep, pitting scars of the face, neck, back, chest and groin. Prescription drugs and sometimes surgery are needed to treat inflammatory acne.

Acne when ripe in case of inflammatory acne can take the following forms:

  1. Whiteheads
  2. Pimples
  3. Cysts
  4. Blackheads

Doctor may recommend the medicines and remedies for acne depending on the extent or the severity. The Acne Medication or Acne remedies are used to help cure acne. Acne treatments may be topical or systemic. The doctor may suggest a combination of oral and topical medicines.

Causes of Acne

Acne occurs due to many different reasons, out of which the main ones are as follows:

  • Acne is a skin disorder which is caused when sebaceous glands or oil glands come to life around puberty. When these glands are stimulated by male hormones that are produced in the adrenal glands of both boys and girls, acne are resulting as a side effect. The oil glands are located just beneath the skin.
  • Bacteria which live in everyone's skin but generally mind their own business, feast on this oil, multiply, and cause the surrounding tissues to become inflamed.
  • Acne can also be caused due to wrong eating habits and chronic constipation.
  • Acne is caused due to a devitalised condition of the skin which is a result of unhygienic living habits, excessive consumption of tea, coffee, alcohol or tobacco, and sedentary habits, which lead to indigestion and general debility.

Acne Treatment - Home remedies for Acne

Acne treatment can be a big theory in itself since the number of ways in which it can be cured cannot be written down in books. There are many things which can prevent us from acne. Some of them are as follows:

  1. Acne treatment by Vitamins - Niacin and Vitamin A have been used successfully to treat acne since long. Vitamin therapy should comprise the intake of about 100 mg niacin, three times daily, and 49,500 IU (international units) of vitamin A, three times daily. Vitamin E dose of 400 mg, should be taken once daily. Continue this therapy for about a month.
  2. Acne treatment by Zinc - Zinc should be taken in therapeutic doses of 55 mg three times a day. Zinc is available in tablet and in capsule form.
  3. Home treatment for acne using Coriander and Mint Juice - A teaspoon of coriander juice, mixed with a pinch of turmeric powder, is another effective home remedy for pimples and blackheads.
  4. Home treatment for acne using Cucumber - Grated cucumber applied over the face, eyes, and neck for fifteen to twenty minutes has been found effective. It is the best tonic for the skin of the face.
  5. Acne treatments using Bacteria killing - This include killing the bacteria that are caused by the blocked follicles, reducing the secretion of oils from the glands, normalizing the follicle cell lifecycle, and exfoliating the skin.

For Pomade acne treatment consists using pomade to decrease scalp dryness, try applying pomade one inch behind the hairline. If using pomade to style or make hair more manageable, try applying pomade to the ends of the hair only to avoid contact with the scalp and hairline and also stop using pom.

Some Acne Prevention Tips

Doctor or dermatologist recommends prevention is better than cure for acne. One or more of the following prevention measures can be used for acne:

  • Do not pick or squeeze. This may worsen scarring.
  • If home treatments do not work, acne can be treated effectively by your dermatologist. Options may include:
  • Topical treatments such as retinoids (tretinoin, tazarotene, or adapalene) or antibiotics (benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin)
  • Oral antibiotics
  • Get a nonprescription acne medicine and apply regularly. Over-the-counter drugs containing sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid, and benzoyl peroxide, are all effective for treating mild acne.
  • Use ordinary hygiene on affected areas, washing your face once or twice daily with your usual soap or cleanser. Deodorant soaps may be used, but they are of no particular value for acne.
  • Hormonal medications like oral contraceptives.
  • Do not scrub or use a loofa. Friction makes acne worse.
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