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What is Fibromyalgia?

Know about Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a disorder that causes muscle pain and fatigue, in other words it is a medical disorder that is chronic widespread pain and allodynia, a heightened and painful response to pressure. . Fibromyalgia was formerly known as fibrositis in past years. Fibromyalgia is also characterized by restless sleep, awakening feeling tired, anxiety, depression, and disturbances in routine function. Fibromyalgia is sometimes referred to as fibromyalgia syndrome and abbreviated FMS. According to MediLexicon's medical dictionary, fibromyalgia is "A common syndrome of chronic widespread soft-tissue pain accompanied by weakness, fatigue, and sleep disturbances; the cause is unknown." Fibromyalgia means pain in the muscles, ligaments, and tendons that is the soft fibrous tissues of the body. Although the muscles hurt everywhere, but they are not the only cause of the pain.

People with fibromyalgia have tender points on the body. And these tender points are specific places on the neck, shoulders, back, hips, arms, and legs. These points hurt when pressure is put on them. Fibromyalgia varies from one patient to another, and the symptoms may be different for different person, but the multiple symptoms it causes are often intertwined. If we take an example, patients who do not sleep well will usually struggle with daytime fatigue, difficulty concentrating, depressed mood and increased pain.

Fibromyalgia affects about 3 to 5 percent of the general population, and it may occurs in people of all ages, even in children. FDA approved the first drug for fibromyalgia in 2007 and now more treatments are being developed.

Some Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia causes you to ache all over, and when you have these all symptoms exist together then there will be greater chance of developing the disease. Here are some following symptoms commonly occur together while you are suffering from Fibromyalgia:

  • Headache
  • difficulty maintaining sleep or light sleep or irregular sleep
  • inability to concentrate
  • Morning stiffness
  • Problems with thinking and memory
  • Feeling of tiredness anytime
  • dryness in mouth, nose, and eyes
  • Widespread pain and pain may also be localized in areas such as the shoulders, neck, low back, hips, or other areas.
  • Sensitivity to cold or heat
  • Jaw pain and stiffness
  • Skin problems
  • Problems with vision etc.

Causes of Fibromyalgia

Here are some causes of developing Fibromyalgia in a person.

Due to Certain diseases

According to a research people who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus), or spinal arthritis (ankylosing spondylitis) have a higher risk of developing fibromyalgia, as well as patients with some other rheumatic diseases have more chances of fibromyalgia.

A stressful, traumatic physical or emotional event

Stress may be an important precipitating factor in the development of fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is frequently comorbid with stress-related disorders such as chronic fatigue syndrome, posttraumatic stress disorder, irritable bowel syndrome and depression. Some emotional event may also affect it.

Genetic predisposition

Genetic factors may also play a role in the development of fibromyalgia. For example, there is a high aggregation of fibromyalgia in families. Central nervous system problems may also be the reason for that.


What is Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia Diagnosis

Medications to Treat Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia Symptoms

Physical Therapy for Fibromyalgia

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